The soldiers for the first true Crusade were recruited from the warrior class of knights. In their wool and leather garments and their Term papers on the crusades armor, the crusaders suffered severely from the heat. Conditions improved as the crusaders marched down the seacoast toward Palestine.
The Byzantine emperor asked for the aid of the Pope to help him with his Turk problem. The deteriorating condition of the Carolingian Empire towards the end of the ninth Century in addition to the Christianization of Vikings and Slavs among European countries directly resulted in an entire population of combatants that had nothing left to fight for.
This only scratches the surface. Soon, Urban lost all control of the vast army that was far beyond his control. While The Crusades, a series of military campaigns, began in the name of the Christian faith and with the initial incentive to regain the Holy Land of Jerusalem, the holy wars quickly evolved into a battle of egos and religious supremacy.
At this time, and at the start of the crusades, the Pope had little real power over Christianity. Within days, however, the crusaders became the besieged as the Muslims attacked. Though this maybe one of the deciding factors distinguished between the knights and their serfs, it probably wasn't a real cause.
Fore years a constant flow of Europeans streamed into the Holy Land. Christians and Muslims lived in close proximity and grew to respect each other.
After much discussion the Byzantines allowed the crusaders to pass through Constantinople to begin their long, hot march across Asia Minor toward Palestine. The Christians point of view was that of the opposite they don't even believe that Mohammed had the word of God and that it was Christ, the true saviour.
A pilgrimage to the Holy Land was not an easy task to say the least. Others saw a more materialistic goal. The siege of Antioch ultimately ended when a bribe gained the crusaders entry into the city, where they killed majority of the inhabitants.
It was not purely a fight for God, and many problems coexisted within the minds of the individual Crusaders and their interests. Eyewitnesses described the battle as being so gruesome that their " feet were colored to their ankles with the blood of the slain" and that " neither women nor children were spared" Hollister,p.
Riley-Smith, ; Moynahan, The crusader armies marched towards Antioch, arrived in October ofand began siege on the city immediately. The Muslims constantly attacked the crusader army while it advanced through the orchards and the decision was made to relocate the Christian army to the western side of the city, which provided considerably less resources.
When their husbands were gone they managed feudal estates. Nine days later, the Pope made a speech just outside the French city of Clermont-Ferrand.
Debtors who joined a Crusade had their debts canceled. A new Europe was being born with the Catholic Church as a force in every area of life. Then they marched toward Jerusalem. At a still later date, it was the same spirit of the many Crusaders that spirited great explorers such as Christopher Columbus, when he took his dangerous voyage to the unknown world.
While each crusade is associated with its respective immediate cause of origin, the crusading movement in its entirety was caused by an accumulation of various developments in Western Europe which occurred earlier in the Middle Ages. French and Norman nobles led the First Crusade that lasted from to Madden, With little resistance, the crusaders finally reached the holy city of Jerusalem on May seventh of and instantly began a length siege on the city.
After the Crusades, traffic between the East and the West was re-established. By" an international military force, with a large nucleus of knights from central and southern France, Normandy, and Norman Sicily, made its way across the Balkans and assembled in Constantinople" Hollister,p. Because of the lack of food and supplies along with the constant Muslim raids, the crusaders were forced to make a humiliating retreat back to Jerusalem.
European posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only. Led by the popular preacher, Peter the Hermit, the unskilled and ill-equipped army was immediately massacred by the Turks upon entry into Asia Minor.History: Christian term papers Disclaimer: Free essays on History: Christian posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only.
The free History: Christian research paper (The Crusades essay) presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service. History: European term papers Disclaimer: Free essays on History: European posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only.
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The most important Crusades are the first four known as the Principle crusades. Christians were slaughtered in Jerusalem, prompting the first crusade, known as the People’s Crusade, made up of all kinds of classes of people, men, women, and children.
The Crusades The crusades were military expeditions launched against the Muslims by the Christians in an attempt to regain the holy land.
They took place between AD and AD. It was one of the most violent periods in the history of mankind. Term Papers words | ( pages) | Preview The Crusades - The Crusades The Crusades were Christian military expeditions undertaken between the 11th and the 14th century to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims.
Term Papers words | ( pages) | Preview The Crusades - Inat the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II began a striking expedition to Jerusalem in order to release the city from Muslim control.Download